St John The Evangelist
Details on cross:
In Memory of
1st Battn Coldstream GDS
Killed In Action
Text type: Writing is in raised black lettering, and is on the square plate, shaft and cross beam.
Cross dimensions (millimetres please)
Shaft Height: The shaft is in two parts, total height of the cross is 1110mm, but the upper part is 278mm, and the lower 757mm
Cross beam width: 575mm
Width of wood: 74mm
Thickness or depth: 25mm
Square plate (if supported)
Width of Square arms: 215x45mm
Angle of arms: 45
Mounting to wall: Mounted to the wall by 3 brackets screwed into the wall, it also looks to have been supported on the wall by 2 nails at the juncture of the upper arms of the square plate to the shaft
Detailing: The lettering on the cross is well written, and is in black
Evidence of use in field (earth marking, cracking, staining, shrinkage): There is a large crack running up the centre of the shaft from about the bottom ¼ to the crossbeam, there is also what appears to be two nail holes about half way up.
Surface insertion depth (into ground if apparent): about 260mm
Finish (varnish, paint, oiled, unfinished etc): Looks to be treated in some way, not too sure what!
Condition (cracked, paint peeling, woodwork, damage etc): For the most part the cross is in good condition, apart from the above, the writing is still clearly legible and shows no sign of age.
The cross is situated by the war memorial at the east on of the church to the right of the alter. The book of Remembrance is open on Ronnie’s entry underneath the cross. On the opposite side of church, in the “children’s chapel” are two stained glass windows dedicated to Ronnie
Biographical details, notes and observations:
Lieutenant Ronald (Ronnie) Herbert Pike Pease, 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards, killed at Ginchy, 15th September 1916 aged 19. Educated at Eton he attained the rank of Serjeant in the OTC. His father was later to become the 1st Baron Daryngton, and Unionist MP for Darlington from 1898 to 1923.
He applied for a commission in his final term at Eton and was accepted into the Coldstream Guards. He was posted to the first battalion, and crossed over to France on 9th May 1915. Two months later he left the battalion due to a weakness in his left knee which caused it to become infected, on 10th September he went before a Medical Board which found him fit for service. He was at Loos when the battalion attacked on the 28th September and was involved in the attack on the Hohenzollern Trenches on 17th October. Three spells of leave followed in December, February and May, during which time the Battalion was in the sectors at Neuve Chappelle, and then from February the Ypres Salient.
On 30th July the battalion moved to The Somme and on the 26th August moved to the Bernafay Wood area in preparation for a major attack. 15th September 1916 will be remembered in history for the first use of tanks in battle, and while they enjoyed success around Flers Courcelette, further south the tanks that were to support The Coldstreamers attack from Ginchy towards Lesboeufs failed to arrive. Most of the officers became casualties straight away, including the C.O. and also Ronnie Pease, both of whom were killed. The Battalion went into the attack with 17 officers and 690 other ranks, and came out of it with 3 officers and 221 other ranks, the rest being killed, missing or wounded. The Germans, however, also had a very large number killed and wounded, and later a considerable number were taken prisoner.
Among the papers obtained from Ronnie’s file at Kew is a copy of the original telegram sent from the War Office on 18th September to his parents, brother and sisters at `Merrow Croft’, which reads as follows:
“Deeply regret to inform you that Lieut R H P Pease Coldstream Guards was killed in action September 15th The Army Council express their sympathy”
A letter sent by the Director of Graves Registration to Ronnie’s father on 3rd January 1917, stated that his son was buried about 300 yards east north east of Ginchy Church and that the grave was marked by a durable wooden cross with an inscription bearing full particulars. After the War his body was brought to the Guards’ Cemetery at Lesboeufs, the village which had been the objective of his Battalion on the day of his death and which was captured by the Guards Division ten days later.
Extract from ‘The Times’, from the pen of one who knew the gallant young officer:
“Ronnie’s very many friends – their name is legion – would value some memento of his short life, but to cut a cameo of so bright a figure is not easy…. curly headed boy at Broadstairs and Eton, preparing for his brilliant prospects in life, or tall Guardsman preparing for facing the deadly risks of war. He was head boy at Stone House and he entered Eton with the distinction of taking 5th form. In the cricket field he did well first and last …. at Eton he got his 22 colours in 1914. It was his ambition to be in the Eton 11 of 1915 but when next summer came he was playing the game in the trenches. He joined the Army as soon as he could – Christmas 1914 – with a commission in the Coldstream Guards and was at the front after only 4 months training at Windsor. He laid down his life in the glorious rush of the Guards on September 15. He was killed instantaneously leading his men over the parapet – a fine type of the ready sacrifice of happy youth. His boyish manhood of 16 months in the trenches won him many friends as easily did his manly boyhood at Eton. He was a source of joy to all, in his home, as a member of ‘pop’ (an Etonian institution), in his village, and amongst his comrades in the trenches.”
Survey, research and photographs courtesy of Charlie Eve
Date of survey: 7th October 2016